Volume 3, Issue 1, February 2014, Page: 1-5
Analysis of Productivity and Technical Efficiency of Cassava Production in Ardo-Kola and Gassol Local Government Areas of Taraba State, Nigeria
A. A. GIREI, Department of Agricultural Economics and Extension, School of Agriculture and Agricultural Technology, ModibboAdama University of Technology, Yola, Adamawa State
B. DIRE, Department of Agricultural Economics and Extension, School of Agriculture and Agricultural Technology, ModibboAdama University of Technology, Yola, Adamawa State
R. M. YUGUDA, Department of Business Education, School of Technology and Vocational Education College of Education Jalingo, Taraba State
M. SALIHU, Department of Agricultural Economics and Extension, Faculty of Agriculture, Federal University, Dutse, JigawaState
Received: Dec. 11, 2013;       Published: Dec. 30, 2013
DOI: 10.11648/j.aff.20140301.11      View  3311      Downloads  263
Abstract
This study analyzed the productivity and technical efficiency of cassava production in Ardo-Kola and Gassol Local Government Areas of Taraba State. Data were collected from 115 respondents using a structured questionnaire covering 2010/2011 farming season. Inferential statistics were employed in the analysis of data collected. Maximum likelihood estimate (MLE) for all parameters of the stochastic frontier production function and the inefficiency model for the cassava farmers in the study area was employed in the analysis. The study reveals that, farm size is the most important factor of production having an elasticity coefficient of 0.492 indicating that, output of cassava production is inelastic. Indicating that, an increase of 5% in farm size used in production of cassava, all things being equal; there would be a corresponding increase in the total output by 4.92%. Similarly, herbicide has an elasticity coefficient of 0.315 and was statistically significant at 5 %. This implies that, an increase in the quantity of herbicide would increase the output by 3.15 percent. Hired labour has an elasticity efficiency of 0.783 and is positively related to the total output of cassava. A 5 percent increase in hired labour will bring about an increase in the level of output. Despites challenges faced by cassava farmers in the study area, the study concludes that, farmers involved in cassava production have more than average technical efficiency and this means there is opportunity to increase cassava production in the study area. Similarly, the cassava production was profitable in the area. The research recommended public private partnership (PPP) to sensitize and educate farmers to enable them benefit from the new innovations and technology that abound in the agricultural sector.
Keywords
Analysis, Productivity, Technical Efficiency, Cassava, Production
To cite this article
A. A. GIREI, B. DIRE, R. M. YUGUDA, M. SALIHU, Analysis of Productivity and Technical Efficiency of Cassava Production in Ardo-Kola and Gassol Local Government Areas of Taraba State, Nigeria, Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries. Vol. 3, No. 1, 2014, pp. 1-5. doi: 10.11648/j.aff.20140301.11
Reference
[1]
Ajibefun, I. A., and Abdulkadri, A. (1999). An Investigation of Technical Inefficiency of Production of Farmers under the National Directorate of Employment in Ondo State, Nigeria. APP Economics Letters, 6, 111-114.
[2]
Amaza, P.S and Maurice, D.C (2005): Identification of factors that influence Technical Efficiency in Rice – based production system in Nigeria. Paper presented at the workshop in Politics and strategies for promoting rice production and food security in Sub – Saharan Africa 7th – 9th Nov. 2005 COAONOU.
[3]
Aigner, D.J., Lovell, C.A.K., Schmidth, P.J. (1977). Formulation and estimation of stochasticfrontier production models. J. of Econometrics, 6(1), 21-38.
[4]
C.B.N (2005): Central Bank of Nigeria Statistical Bulletin, Nnanna, J.O, Adewuyi, B.S, Madi, N.O (eds) CBN Statistical Bulletin 16:.
[5]
Coelli, T.J. (1994). A guide to frontier version 4.1: A computer program for stochastic frontierproduction and cost function estimation. Mimeo. Department of Econometric,University of New England Armiade.
[6]
Cork, J.H (2005): New Potentials for Neglected Crop. West View Press, Bouldex. COUSA. P.10.
[7]
Eyoh, E.O. and S.I. Igben (2002). Agricultural Economics: An Introduction to Basic Concepts and Principles. Best Print Business Press, Uyo, Nigeria, pp238.
[8]
FMARD (2001): Nigeria Rural Development Sector Strategic Main Report. Federal Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development, Abuja, Nigeria
[9]
Girei, A. A. and Dire, B. (2013). Profitability and technical efficiency among the beneficiary crop farmers of National Fadama II Project in Adamawa State, Nigeria. Net Journal of Agricultural Science Vol. 1(3), 87 - 92.
[10]
IITA (2005). Standard for cassava products and Guidelines for Export. International Institute for Tropical Agriculture (IITA), Ibadan.
[11]
Maurice, D.C. Amaza, P.S. and Tella, M.O. (2005): Analysis of Technical Inefficiency in Rice – based cropping pattern among dry season farmers in Adamawa state, Nigeria. Nigerian Journal of Tropical Agriculture7(1): 125 – 130.
[12]
Meeusen, W. and J. van den Broeck, 1977. Efficiency Estimation from Cobb-Douglas Production Functions with Composed Error. In:Econ., 18: 435–44
[13]
Olayide, S.O. and Heady, E.O. (1982): Introduction to Agricultural Production Economics. University of Ibadan, Press Ibadan, Nigeria. PP 233 – 238.
[14]
Onyemauwa, C. S. (2012).Analysis of Women Participation in Cassava Production and Processing in Imo State, Southeast Nigeria. Agricultural Tropical ET Subtropical ,45 (2) 72 - 77
[15]
Simonyan, J. B., Olukosi, J. O., Omolehin, R. A. and Atala, T. K. A., (2012).Productivity and Technical Efficiency among Beneficiary Farmers of Second NationalFadama Project in Kaduna State, Nigeria. American Journal of Experimental Agriculture 2(1): 102 - 110
[16]
Taraba State Government Diary (2008): Taraba State Official Diary, Government Printer Jalingo, Nigeria pp 25 – 29.
[17]
Udoh EJ, 2006. Technical inefficiency in Vegetable Farms of Humid Regions: An Analysis of Dry Season Farming by Urban women in South- South Zone, Nigeria. J AgricSocSci, 1(2):80-85.
[18]
Udoh, E.J., 2005. Technical Inefficiency in Vegetable Farms of Humid Region: An Analysis of Dry Season Farming byUrban Women in South South Zone, Nigeria. J. Agric. Soc. Sci., 1: 80–5
Browse journals by subject