Volume 3, Issue 4, August 2014, Page: 271-278
Decomposition Rate of Pigs’ Manures and Nutrient Release Pattern in Wetland Condition
Bokossa Hervé Kouessivi Janvier, Laboratory of Research on Wetlands (LRW), Department of Zoology, Faculty of Science and Technique, University of Abomey-Calavi, Benin
Saïdou Aliou, Integrated Soil and Crop Management Unit (ISCM), Laboratory of Soil Sciences, Department of Crop Science, Faculty of Agronomic Sciences, University of Abomey-Calavi, Benin
Fiogbé Emile Didier, Laboratory of Research on Wetlands (LRW), Department of Zoology, Faculty of Science and Technique, University of Abomey-Calavi, Benin
Kossou Dansou, Laboratory of Plant Biology, Department of Crop Science, Faculty of Agronomic Sciences, University of Abomey-Calavi, Benin
Received: Aug. 13, 2014;       Accepted: Aug. 26, 2014;       Published: Sep. 10, 2014
DOI: 10.11648/j.aff.20140304.19      View  2988      Downloads  155
Abstract
Recent studies reported the important contribution of animal dejections as organic manure for crop production but, little is known on the decomposition rate and nutrient release pattern in wetland of the manure of pigs nourished with diet enriched with Azolla filiculoides. A litter bag study was carried out under full control during 6 weeks in pots containing 25 liters of tap water and 15g of pigs’ dejection in each decomposition bag. The experimental design was a completely randomized block design with three replications. The treatments consisted of dejections of pigs nourished with : T1 (recommended diet composition) consisted of 15% Azolla + 55% provender + 5% coconut copra + 5% oil palm + 5% soybean bran + 10% rice bran + 5% kitchen waste ; T2 (partially improved diet with Azolla) consisted of 30% Azolla + 65% rice bran + 5% oil palm ; T3 (improved diet with Azolla) consisted of 47.5% Azolla + 47.5% rice bran + 5% oil palm; and T4 (improved diet with cereal bran) consisted of 15% Azolla + 40% rice bran + 40% wheat bran + 5% oil palm). Four pigs per diet were considered leading to 16 white landrace pigs of six months age. Decomposition rates in water were significantly (P < 0.05) fast during the first week and became very slow during the following weeks. After the six weeks of experiment, 58.2 % of manure from treatments T1 and T4 were decomposed against 47.2 % for T2 and T3. However, 40.1, 53.3, 67.4 and 57.1% of total N content in treatments T1, T2, T3 and T4 respectively were released. As consequence, manure from improved diet with Azolla (T3 and T2) are suggested for integrated rice and fish production system. Nevertheless, decomposition and nutrients (P, K, Ca and Mg) release patterns had significantly (P < 0.05) increased in water in treatments T1 and T4 compared with the two treatments containing more Azolla in the diet (T2 and T3).
Keywords
Pig Manures, Pig Diets, Azolla Filiculoides, Mineralization Rate, Nutrient Release, Wetland
To cite this article
Bokossa Hervé Kouessivi Janvier, Saïdou Aliou, Fiogbé Emile Didier, Kossou Dansou, Decomposition Rate of Pigs’ Manures and Nutrient Release Pattern in Wetland Condition, Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries. Vol. 3, No. 4, 2014, pp. 271-278. doi: 10.11648/j.aff.20140304.19
Reference
[1]
F. Pilar, I. Castellar, and J. Navarro, “Nitrate leaching in pepper cultivation with organic manure and supplementary additions of mineral fertilizer”. Communications in Soil Science and Plant Analysis, 36: 2889–2899, 2005.
[2]
R.F. Follett, and J.A. Delgado,“Nitrogen fate and transport in agricultural systems.” Journal of Soil and Water Conservation, 57: 402–408, 2002.
[3]
M. Kaleem, A. Abbasi, H. Munazza, K. Abdul, and S. R. Khan, “Mineralization of three organic manures used as nitrogen source in a soil incubated under laboratory conditions.” Communications in Soil Science and Plant Analysis, 38:13-14, 1691-1711. 2007.
[4]
M.P. Bernal, J.A. Albuquerque, and R. Moral, “Composting of animal manures and chemical criteria for compost maturity assessment”. A review. Bioresource Technology 100, 5444–5453, 2009.
[5]
M. Inckel, S. Peter, T. Tersmette, and T. Veldskamp, “Fabrication et utilisation du compost.” Série AgroDoc. N°8 : 71p., 2007.
[6]
E. Vasconcelos, F. Cabral, and C.M.D.S. Cordovil, “Wheat yield and leachability of phosphorus and nitrogen in pig slurry amended soils.” Communications in Soil Science and Plant Analysis, 30: 2245–2257, 1999.
[7]
N. Vagstad, A. Broch-Due, and I. Lyngstad, “Direct and residual effects of pulp and paper mill sludge on crop yield and soil mineral N”. Soil Use Management, 17: 173–178, 2001.
[8]
G.W. Evers, “Ryegrass–Bermuda grass production and nutrient uptake when combining nitrogen fertilizer with broiler litter.” Agronomic Journal, 94, 905–910, 2002.
[9]
C.M.D.S. Cordovil, F. Cabral, and J. Coutinho, “Potential mineralization of nitrogen from organic wastes to ryegrass and wheat crops”. Bioresource Technology 98, 3265–3268, 2007.
[10]
L.G. Amadji, A. Saïdou and L. Chitou, “Recycling of organic residues in compost to improve coastal sandy soil properties and cabbage shoot in Benin.” International Journal of Biological and Chemical Sciences, 3(2): 192 – 202, 2009.
[11]
G.F. Huang, J.W.C. Wong, Q.T. Wu, and B.B. Nagar, “Effect of C/N on composting of pig manure with sawdust.” Waste Management, 24: 805–813, 2004.
[12]
L. Jianbo, and L. Xia, “Review of rice–fish-farming systems in China One of the Globally Important Ingenious Agricultural Heritage Systems (GIAHS).” Aquaculture, 260: 106–113, 2006.
[13]
A.K.Y Haroon, and K.A. Pittman, “Rice-fish culture: feeding, growth and yield of two size classes of Puntius gonionotus Bleeker and Oreochromis spp. in Bangladesh.” Aquaculture, 154: 26 l-281, 1997.
[14]
A.Youssouf, A. Saidou, D. Mama, E.D Fiogbé and J-C. Micha, “Evaluation of nitrogen and phosphorus wastes produced by Nile Tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus L.) Fed Azolla-diets in earthen ponds.” Journals of Environmental Protection, 3: 502-507, 2012.
[15]
E.D. Fiogbé, and K.H. Gangbazo, “Production porcine avec Azolla.” Actes des 2èmes Journées Scientifiques Internationales des Universités Nationales du Bénin. (13-16 avril 2004) ; 142-154, 2005.
[16]
J-M.M. Accodji, E.D. Fiogbé, and K.H. Gangbazo, “Essai de valorisation d’Azolla (Azolla microphylla Kaulf) dans la production porcine en zone humide.” International Journal of Biological and Chemical Sciences, 3(5) : 890 – 898, 2009.
[17]
H. Agadjihouèdé, E. Montchowi, A. Chikou, and P.A Lalèyè, “Libération comparée de sels dans l’eau par la minéralisation de l’Azolla, la bouse de vache, la fiente de volaille et les sons de riz et de maïs utilisés en pisciculture.” International Journal of Biological and Chemical Sciences, 5(5): 1883-1897, 2011.
[18]
S. Qiu, A.J. Mc Comb, and R.W. Bell, “Leaf litter decomposition and nutrient dynamics in woodland and wetland conditions along a forest to wetland hill slope.” International Scholarly Research Network. ISRN Soil Science. Vol 12, ID346850, 8 p., 2012.
[19]
J. Rodier, “L’Analyse de l’eau. eaux naturelles, eaux résiduelles, eau de mer.” 8ème édition DUNOD, 1383p., Juin 1996.
[20]
E.A. Hartemink and J.N. O’ Sullivan, “Leaf litter decomposition of Piper aduncum, Gliricidia sepium, and Imperata cylindrica in the humid lowland of Papua New Guinea.” Plant and Soil, 230: 115 – 124, 2001.
[21]
G.L. Godshalk, “Decomposition of aquatic plants in lakes”. PhD. Thesis, Michigan State University. Department Botany and Plant pathology: 49-61, 1977.
[22]
J. Kortleven, “Quantitative aspects of humus accumulation and decomposition.” Landbk, Onderz. 69. 1. Pudoc, Wageningen. 109 pp, 1963.
[23]
C-H. Wang, “Effects of different organic materials on crop production under a rice–corn cropping sequence.” Communications in Soil Science and Plant Analysis, 44 : 2987–3005, 2013.
[24]
M.K. Abbasi, M. Hina, K.A. Abdul, and S.R. Khan, “Mineralization of three organic manures used as nitrogen source in a soil incubated under laboratory conditions.” Communications in Soil Science and Plant Analysis, 38: 1691–1711, 2007.
[25]
R. Hassan, E. Khadija, D. Belghyti, and M. Hadji, “Physico-chemical waste water unit of sugar SUNABEL Mechraa Belksiri”. ScienceLib Editions Mersenne : Volume 5, N°130215, 2111-4706, 2013.
[26]
E.D. Fiogbé, I. Imorou Toko, J-C. Micha, and C.H.F Van Hove “Azolla : une fougère aquatique utilisable comme intrant pour diversifier et intégrer les productions agro-piscicoles des zones humides.” Journée scientifique à l’Université Nationale du Bénin, 2001.
[27]
A.Z.K. Djogbédé, L.C. Hinvi, E.D. Fiogbé, “Effets de substitution des engrais chimiques par Azolla pinnata en riziculture au Nord Bénin.” International Journal of Biological and Chemical Sciences, 6(6) : 3027-3044, 2012.
[28]
C.K.H. Smith, L. Gholz and F. De Assis Oliveira, “Fine litter chemistry, early-stage decay, and nitrogen dynamics under plantations and primary forest in lowland Amazonia.” Soil Biology & Biochemistry, 30(14): 2159-2169. 1998.
[29]
T. Tilahun, D. Nigussie, B. Wondimu, and G. Setegn, “Effects of farmyard manure and inorganic fertilizer application on soil physico-chemical properties and nutrient balance in rain-fed lowland rice ecosystem”. American Journal of Plant Sciences, 4, 309-316, 2013.
[30]
G. Villegas-Pangga,“Agri-wastes for soil productivity improvement in a lowland rice ecosystem.” Symposium on agricultural and agro-industrial waste management, march 12-14, Sao Pedro, sp, Brazil, 2013.
Browse journals by subject