Volume 3, Issue 4, August 2014, Page: 279-291
An Assessment of the Socio-Economic and Ecological Impacts of Environmental Changes on Rural Livelihood: A Study Across Addado, Buhodle and Northern Galkaayo of Central and Northern Somalia
Badal Ahmed Hassan, Viikki Tropical Resources Institute, Department of Forest Sciences, University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland
Edinam K. Glover, Faculty of Law, University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland
Olavi Luukkanen, Viikki Tropical Resources Institute, Department of Forest Sciences, University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland
Ramni Jamnadass, World Agroforestry Centre (ICRAF), United Nations Avenue, Gigiri, Nairobi, Kenya
Ben Chikamai, Kenya Forestry Research Institute, Nairobi, Kenya
Received: Aug. 17, 2014;       Accepted: Aug. 28, 2014;       Published: Sep. 10, 2014
DOI: 10.11648/j.aff.20140304.20      View  3238      Downloads  258
Abstract
The international community has long recognized desertification as a significant global social, economic and environmental problem of concern with detrimental effects on the livelihoods of people in many countries world-wide. To explore this critique, this study examined local people’s views on the causes, effect and socio-economic impact of desertification and degradation to the community. The study involved a cross-sectional survey conducted with four community categories, namely nomadic pastoralist, agro-pastoralists, villagers and Internally Displaced Persons (IDPs), from Addado, Buhodle and northern Galkaayo of central and northern part of Somalia; through questionnaire-based interviews. Descriptive statistics attribute environmental changes to negative implications of human activities on the environment: the menace of which led to a decline in forage, current loss of biodiversity and the related changes in the environment, permanent migration, increased poverty and health problems. The startling results of this study conclusively demonstrate that the challenges involve proper interventions for tree planting against desertification as well as for community empowerment through public education and formation of community based environmental associations to coordinate the overall environmental management activities and to raise public awareness.
Keywords
Addado, Buhodle, Central Somalia, Desertification, Northern Galkaayo, Nordern Somalia, Rural Livelihoods, Socio-Economic Impacts
To cite this article
Badal Ahmed Hassan, Edinam K. Glover, Olavi Luukkanen, Ramni Jamnadass, Ben Chikamai, An Assessment of the Socio-Economic and Ecological Impacts of Environmental Changes on Rural Livelihood: A Study Across Addado, Buhodle and Northern Galkaayo of Central and Northern Somalia, Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries. Vol. 3, No. 4, 2014, pp. 279-291. doi: 10.11648/j.aff.20140304.20
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