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Volume 3, Issue 6, December 2014, Page: 459-463
Characteristics of Indigenous Mycorrhiza of Weeds on Marginal Dry Land in South Konawe, Indonesia
Halim , Specifications Weed Science, Department of Agrotechnology, Faculty of Agriculture, Halu Oleo University, Southeast Sulawesi, Indonesia
Fransiscus S. Rembon, Specifications Soil Nutrition, Department of Agrotechnology, Faculty of Agriculture, Halu Oleo University, Southeast Sulawesi, Indonesia
Aminuddin Mane Kandari, Specifications Agroclimatology, Department of Agrotechnology, Faculty of Agriculture, Halu Oleo University, Southeast Sulawesi Indonesia
Resman , Specifications Soil Science, Department of Agrotechnology, Faculty of Agriculture, Halu Oleo University, Southeast Sulawesi, Indonesia
Asrul Sani, Specifications Biomathematics, Department of Mathematics, Faculty of Sciences, Halu Oleo University, Southeast Sulawesi, Indonesia
Received: Nov. 28, 2014;       Accepted: Dec. 14, 2014;       Published: Dec. 19, 2014
DOI: 10.11648/j.aff.20140306.14      View  3335      Downloads  246
Abstract
South Konawe is one of the areas that have the potential for the development of marginal farming dry land, which is wide enough, with a predominance of Ultisol type. In such area, more than 80% of farming communities who are dependent on the farming activities are still conventional to characterize the shifting cultivation. In many cases, most weeds that grow in their land are always considered to be destructing and disturbing the human interests, both during the land clearing and after the fields abandoned. On the other hand, the presence of weeds can be useful for the growth of plant as it provides benefits against microorganisms. One of the microorganisms which is associated with roots of weed is mycorrhiza. This study aims to determine the characteristics of indigenous mycorrhiza being present on dry weeds from marginal land. This study was conducted from May to November 2013 in South Konawe, Indonesia. The result shows that two types of indigenous mycorrhiza were present on the marginal dry land; Glomus sp and Gigaspora sp. The highest percentage of indigenous mycorrhiza infection was found in the roots of weeds Amaranthus gracilis and Sida rhombifolia, each of which by 90%. The presence of the vesicles and internal hyphae on the roots of weeds indicate the indigenous mycorrhiza infection.
Keywords
Marginal Dry Land, Ultisols, Indigenous Mycorrhiza, Weeds
To cite this article
Halim , Fransiscus S. Rembon, Aminuddin Mane Kandari, Resman , Asrul Sani, Characteristics of Indigenous Mycorrhiza of Weeds on Marginal Dry Land in South Konawe, Indonesia, Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries. Vol. 3, No. 6, 2014, pp. 459-463. doi: 10.11648/j.aff.20140306.14
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