Archive




Volume 3, Issue 6, December 2014, Page: 481-488
Fertilizer, Lime and Manure Amendments for Ultisols Formed on Coastal Plain Sands of Southern Nigeria
Ayodele O. J., Department of Crop, Soil and Environmental Sciences, Ekiti State University, Ado-Ekiti, Nigeria
Shittu O. S., Department of Crop, Soil and Environmental Sciences, Ekiti State University, Ado-Ekiti, Nigeria
Received: Nov. 24, 2014;       Accepted: Dec. 22, 2014;       Published: Dec. 27, 2014
DOI: 10.11648/j.aff.20140306.17      View  3035      Downloads  267
Abstract
The highly weathered and leached soils formed on Coastal Plain Sands under excessive rainfall regime in southern Nigeria are Ultisols. The appropriate management practices with which to obtain high crop yields in these soils, characterized by high acidity, nutrient deficiencies and imbalances, should be developed. Surface layer (0-15 cm) samples of soils with extreme acidity (pH 4.0-4.6) formed on Coastal Plain Sands were collected from four locations in southern Nigeria and grown to maize (SUWAN 1-SR-Y) in pots for two cycles of six weeks each to measure the direct and residual effects of applied fertilizer (90 kg N+ 36 kg P+ 60 kg K.ha-1), 2.5 MT.ha-1 lime, 10 MT.ha-1 farm yard manure (FYM) compared to a control. The direct effect of FYM produced the highest dry matter yield while fertilizer and lime did not differ significantly from the control. The residual effects were significant in dry matter yield for FYM in all the soils and for lime in three soils. Lime and FYM increased soil pH and exchangeable bases, reduced iron, manganese and aluminium; fertilizer and FYM raised available P while only FYM increased soil organic matter contents. Application of lime, fertilizer and FYM in all possible combinations compared to the control in one soil showed that FYM + Fertilizer gave the highest maize dry matter yield, improved soil characteristics and would be the recommended nutrient management practice for these acid soils.
Keywords
Ultisols, Acidity, Dry Matter, Nutrient Uptake, Residual Effects
To cite this article
Ayodele O. J., Shittu O. S., Fertilizer, Lime and Manure Amendments for Ultisols Formed on Coastal Plain Sands of Southern Nigeria, Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries. Vol. 3, No. 6, 2014, pp. 481-488. doi: 10.11648/j.aff.20140306.17
Reference
[1]
Agboola, A.A. 2002. Farming systems in Nigeria. In: Agboola, A.A. (ed). Essentials of Agricultural Production in Nigeria. Green Line Publishers, Ado-Ekiti, Nigeria: 29-71
[2]
Ano, A.O. and Agwu, J.A. 2005. Effect of animal manures on selected soil properties. Nig. J. Soil Sci. 15: 14-19
[3]
Anon (2006). Nigeria Fertilizer Strategy Report. Presented at Africa fertilizer Summit held at International Conference Centre, Abuja, 9-13th June, 2006. 47pp.
[4]
Ayodele OJ (1986). Effect of continuous maize cropping on yield, organic carbon mineralization and phosphorus supply of savannah soils in western Nigeria. Biology and Fertility of Soils 2: 151-155.
[5]
Banful, A.B., Nkonya, E. and Oboh, V. 2010. Constraints to Fertilizer Use in Nigeria: Insights from Agricultural Extension Service. IFPRI Discussion Paper No 01010. International Food Policy Research Institute, Washington. 36pp
[6]
Brady NC, Weil RR (2002). The Nature and Properties of Soils. 13th Edition, Pearson Educ. Pub. New Delhi, India. 881pp.
[7]
Brouwer J, Powel JM (1995). Soil aspect of nutrient cycling in a manure application experiment in Niger. In: Powel JM et al. (eds). Livestock and Sustainable Nutrient Cycling in Mixed Farming Systems of Sub-Saharan Africa. Volume II. Technical Papers. Proceedings of International Conference held 22-26 Nov. 1993. ILCA, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. 211pp.
[8]
Buol, S.W., Southard, R.J., Graham, R.C. and McDaniel, P.A. 2011. Soil Genesis and Classification.
[9]
Busari MA, Salako FK, Sobulo RA, Adetunji MT, Bello NJ (2004). Variation in soil pH and maize yield as affected by application of poultry manure and lime. In: Salako FK et al. (eds). Managing Soil Resources for Food Security and Sustainable Environment. Proceedings of 29th Annual Conference of Soil Science Society of Nigeria held at University of Agriculture, Abeokuta, Nigeria, December 6-10, 2004: 139-142.
[10]
Evelyn, S.K., Jan, O.S. and Jeffrey, A.B. 2004. Functions of Soil Organic Matter and the Effect on Soil Properties. CSIRO Land and Water Report. 129pp
[11]
Fageria, N.K. and Baligar, V.C. 2008. Ameliorating Soil Acidity of Tropical Oxisols by Liming for Sustainable Crop Production. Advances in Agronomy 99: 345-399
[12]
FDALR (1990). The Reconnaissance Soil Survey of Nigeria (1:650,000). Soils Report Volume Three (Bendel, Lagos, Ogun, Ondo and Oyo States). Federal Department of Agricultural Land Resources, Lagos. 149pp.
[13]
FDALR (2004). Handbook on Soil Test-based Fertilizer Recommendations for Extension Workers. Federal Department of Agricultural Land Resources in collaboration with National Special Programme for Food Security, Abuja, Nigeria.39pp.
[14]
Fore RE, Okigbo BN (1973). Yield response of maize to various fertilizers and lime on Nkpologu sandy loam soil. Nigerian Agric. J. 9: 124-127.
[15]
Hargrove WL, Thomas GW (1981). Effects of organic matter on exchangeable aluminium and crop growth in acid soils. In: Chemistry in the Environment. ASA Special Publication No 40. Amer. Soc. Agron, and SSSA, Madison, Wisconsin.
[16]
Haynes, R.J. and Mokolobate, M.S. 2001, Amelioration of Al toxicity and P deficiency in acid soil by addition of organic residues. Nutrient Cycling. Agroecosyst. 59: 47-63
[17]
Haynes RJ, Naidu R (1998). Influence of lime, fertilizer and manure on soil organic matter content and soil physical conditions: A review. Nutrient Cycling Agroecosyst. 15: 123-127.
[18]
Heathcote RG (1970). Soil fertility under continuous cultivation in Northern Nigeria I. The role of organic manure. Exptl Agric 6: 229-237.
[19]
Igbokwe MC, Njoku BO, Odurukwe SO (1981). Liming effects on the response of maize to phosphate fertilizer on an Ultisol in Eastern Nigeria. Nigerian J of Soil Science 11: 120-130.
[20]
IITA (1979). Selected Methods of Soil and Plant Analysis. Manual Series No 1. International Institute of Tropical Agriculture, Ibadan, Nigeria. 70pp.
[21]
Juo ASR, Wilding LP (1996). Soils of the lowland forest of West and Central Africa. In: essays on the Ecology of the Guinea Congo Rainforest. Proceedings Royal Society of Edinburgh. Vol. 1043. Section B: Biological Science. Edinburgh, Scotland, U.K.: 15-26.
[22]
Juo ASR, Franzluebbers K, Dabiri A, Ikhile B (1996). Soil properties and crop performance on a kaolinitic Alfisol after 15 years of fallow and continuous cultivation. Plant and Soil 180: 290-217.
[23]
Kamprath EJ (1971). Potential detrimental effects from liming highly weathered soils to neutrality (A review). Soil Crop Sci Soc Fla. Proc 31: 7-9.
[24]
Kang, B.T. 1989. Nutrient management for sustained crop production in the huid and subhumid tropics. In: van der Heide, J. (ed). Nutrient Management for Food Crop Production in Tropical Farming Systems. Institute for Soil Fertility, Haren, The Netherlands and Universitas Brwijaya, Indonesia: 3-28
[25]
Lal R (1999). Land use and cropping system effects on restoring soil carbon pool of degraded Alfisols in Western Nigeria. In: Lal R et al. (eds) Global Climate Change and Tropical Ecosystems. Advances in Soil Science. CRC Press, Boca Raton: 157-165.
[26]
Liverpool-Tasie, S., Olaniyan, B.,Salau, S. and Sackey, J. 2010. A Review of Fertilizer Policy Issues in Nigeria. Nigeria Strategy Support Program (NSSP) Report No 28, IFPRI-Abuja. 5pp
[27]
Martini JA, Mutters RC (1989). Soyabean root growth and nutrient uptake as affected by lime rates and plant age. II. Ca, Mg, K, Fe, Cu and Zn. Turrialba 39: 254-259.
[28]
Mokwunye U (1980). Interactions between farmyard manure and fertilizers in savannah soils. In: FAO Soils Bulletin No 43: 192-200
[29]
Müller-Sӓmann KM, Kotschi J (1994). Sustaining Growth: Soil Fertility Management in Tropical Smallholdings. GTZ, Germany and CTA, Netherlands. Margraf Verlag, Germany. 486 pp
[30]
Natshner I, Schwetmann U (1991). Proton buffering in organic horizons of acid forest soils. Geoderma 48: 93-106.
[31]
Nolan AL, McLaughlin MJ (2005). Prediction of zinc, cadmium, lead and copper availability to wheat in contaminated soil using chemical speciation, diffuse gradients in thin films extraction and isotopic diffusion techniques. J Environ Quality 34: 496-507.
[32]
Ofori, C.S., Higgins, G.M. and Purnell, M.F. 1986. Criteria for choice of land suitable for clearing for agricultural production. In: Lal, R., Sanchez, P.A. and Cummings, R.W. Jr (eds). Land Clearing and Development in the Tropics. A.A. Balkema, Rotterdam: 19-28
[33]
Ojanuga AG, Lekwa G, Akamigbo FRO (1981). Survey, classification and genesis of acid soils. In: Udo, E.J. and Sobulo, R.A. (eds). Acid Soils of Southern Nigeria. Soil Science Society of Nigeria Special Publication Monograph No 1: 1-8.
[34]
Opara-Nadi AO, Omenihu AA, Ifemedehe SN (2000). Effects of organic wastes, fertilizers and mulch on productivity of an Ultisol. In: Babalola O (ed). Proceeding of 26th Annual Conference of Soil Science Society of Nigeria held at Ibadan, 30th October-3rd November, 2000: 112-120.
[35]
Reeve NG, Sumner ME (1970). Effects of Al toxicity and phosphorus fixation on crop growth in Oxisols in Natal. Soil Sci Soc Amer. Proc. 34: 262-267.
[36]
Sanchez, P.A. and Buol, S.W. 1975. Soilsof the tropics and the world food crisis. In: Abelson, P.H. (ed). Food: Politics, Economics, Nutrition and Research. American Association for the Advancement of Science Misc. Publication 75-7: 115-120
[37]
Steel RDG, Torrie JH, Dickey DA (1997). Principles and Procedures of Statistics: A Biometrical Approach. 3rd Edition. McGraw Hill, New York. 665pp.
[38]
Tisdale SL, Nelson WL, Beaton JD, Havlin JL (1993). Soil Fertility and Fertilizers. 5th Edition, Macmillan, New York.
[39]
Vine H (1970). Review of Work on Nigerian Soils. Report of the National Research Council Committee on Tropical Soils. London, England.
[40]
Yang, S., Zhang, Z., Cong, L., Wang, X. and Shi, S. (2013). Effect of fulvic acid on the phosphorus availability in acid soils. J. Sci. and Plant Nutri. 13: 526-533
Browse journals by subject