Volume 4, Issue 5, October 2015, Page: 209-215
Impact of Mycorrhiza Fungi from Grassland Rhizosphere and Liquid Organic Fertilizer to the Growth and Yield of Sweet Corn on Ultisols in South Konawe, Indonesia
Halim , Specifications Weed Science, Department of Agrotechnology, Faculty of Agriculture, Halu Oleo University, Southeast Sulawesi, Indonesia
Makmur Jaya Arma, Specifications Weed Science, Department of Agrotechnology, Faculty of Agriculture, Halu Oleo University, Southeast Sulawesi, Indonesia
Fransiscus S. Rembon, Specifications Soil Nutrition, Department of Agrotechnology, Faculty of Agriculture, Halu Oleo University, Southeast Sulawesi, Indonesia
Resman , Specifications Soil Science, Department of Agrotechnology, Faculty of Agriculture, Halu Oleo University, Southeast Sulawesi, Indonesia
Received: Aug. 1, 2015;       Accepted: Aug. 7, 2015;       Published: Sep. 2, 2015
DOI: 10.11648/j.aff.20150405.12      View  3918      Downloads  86
Abstract
This research was conducted in the Abenggi of village, District of Landono, Regency of South Konawe, Province of Southeast Sulawesi and Laboratory of the Faculty of Forestry and Environmental Science Halu Oleo University Kendari, Indonesia took place from November, 2014 untill April, 2015. This study aims to determine the effect of mycorrhiza fungi from granssland and liquid organic fertilizer to the growth and yield of sweet corn on Ultisols Abenggi. This research is compiled using a randomized block design (RBD) with factorial pattern. The first factor are mycorrhiza fungi (M) with three levels: without mycorrhiza fungi (M0), mycorrhiza as 20 g each planting hole (M1), mycorrhiza as 40 g each planting hole (M2) and second factor are liquid organic fertilizer (P) which comprises three levels of treatment: without liquid organic fertilizer (P0) liquid organic fertilizer as 50 ml L-1 water each plot (P1), liquid organic fertilizer as 100 ml L-1 water each plot (P2). The combination of these two factors obtained 9 combinations of each treatment was repeated three times in order to obtain the amount of 27 experimental units. The observed variables in this study were plant height, stem diameter, cob weight with husk, corn cob without husk, cob length, cob diameter, number and percentage of mycorrhiza infection on the roots of the sweet corn. The results showed that the interaction between mycorrhiza fungi and liquid organic fertilizer has a significant effect on the plant height age 42 days after planting and cob weight without husk with the best results obtained in the treatment of mycorrhiza as 40 g hole-1 with liquid organic fertilizer as 50 ml L-1 water. Application the mycorrhiza fungi as 40 g hole-1 gives the best results on the growth and yield of sweet corn.
Keywords
Sweet Corn, Mycorrhiza Fungi, Liquid Organic Fertilizer, Ultisols
To cite this article
Halim , Makmur Jaya Arma, Fransiscus S. Rembon, Resman , Impact of Mycorrhiza Fungi from Grassland Rhizosphere and Liquid Organic Fertilizer to the Growth and Yield of Sweet Corn on Ultisols in South Konawe, Indonesia, Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries. Vol. 4, No. 5, 2015, pp. 209-215. doi: 10.11648/j.aff.20150405.12
Reference
[1]
Aminuddin Mane Kandari, Sumbangan Baja, Ambo Ala, Kaimuddin, 2013. Agroecological zoning and land suitability assessment for maize (Zea mays L.) development in Buton regency, Indonesia. J. International of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries. Vol.2. No. 6:202-211.
[2]
Bolan. N. S., 1991. A Critical Review of the Role Mycorrhizal Fungi in the uptake of Phosphorus by Plants. J.of Plant and Soil. Vol.132. No.2:189-207.
[3]
Brady, N.C., 2002. The Nature and Properties of Soils, Prentice Hall of India, New Delhi.
[4]
Clark. R. B., 1997. Arbuscular Mycorrhizal Adaption, Spore Germination, Root Colonization and Host Plant Growth and Mineral Acquisition at Low pH. J.of Plant and Soil. Vol.192:15-22.
[5]
Delvian, 2007. Penggunaan Asam Humik dalam Kultur Trapping Cendawan Mikoriza Arbuskula dari Ekosistem dengan Salinitas Tinggi. Jurnal Ilmu-Ilmu Pertanian Indonesia. Vol. 9. No. 2:124-129.
[6]
Gonzalo.B.E. and A.Miguel, 2006. Mycorrhiza. An Ecological Alternative for Sustainable Agriculture. Melalui .
[7]
Hadisuwito, S., 2008. Membuat Pupuk Kompos Cair. PT Agromedia Pustaka. Jakarta.
[8]
Halim dan F.S. Rembon, 2013. Peningkatan produksi tanaman jagung berbasis bioteknologi Mikoriza Indigenous Gulma. Laporan hasil penelitian MP3EI Dikti. Lembaga Penelitian Universitas Halu Oleo Kendari.
[9]
Halim, 2012. Peran Mikoriza Indigen Terhadap Indeks Kompetisi antara Tanaman Jagung (Zea mays L.) dengan Gulma Ageratum conyzoides. Berkala Penelitian Agronomi. Vol.1.No. 1: 86-92.
[10]
Halim, 2009. Peran Mikoriza Indigenous Gulma Imperata cylindrica (L.) Beauv dan Eupatorium odorata (L.) terhadap Kompetisi Gulma dan Tanaman Jagung. Disertasi Program Doktor Universitas Padjadjaran Bandung.
[11]
Halim, Fransiscus S Rembon, Aminuddin Mane Kandari, Resman, Asrul Sani, 2014. Characteristics of indigenous mycorrhiza of weeds on marginal dry land in South Konawe, Indonesia J. International of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries. Vol.3. No.6:459-463.
[12]
Janos. D. P., 1992. Heterogenity and Scale in Tropical Vesicular Arbuscular Mycorrhiza Formation. CAB International. Wallingford.UK.
[13]
Juge. C., J.Samson, C.Bestien, H.Vierheilig, A.Coughlan and Y.Pieche, 2002. Breaking Dormancy in Spores of the Arbuscular Mycorrhizal Fungus Glomus intraradies. A Critical Cold Storage Period. J. of Mycorrhiza. 12:37-42.
[14]
Mazi. A., 2004. Kebijakan Strategi Pengembangan Sistem Produksi Jagung di Provinsi Sulawesi Tenggara dalam Kerangka Program Celebes Corn Belt (CCB). Prosiding Seminar IX Budidaya Pertanian Olah Tanah Konservasi Kerjasama dengan Himpunan Ilmu Gulma Indonesia, Universitas Gorontalo dan Pemerintah Daerah Provisnsi Gorontalo. Gorontalo.
[15]
Moutoglis.P and P.Widden, 1996. Vesicular Arbuscular Mycorrhizal Spore Population in Sugar Maple (Acer saccharum marsh L.) Forest. J. of Mycorrhiza. Vol.6:91-97.
[16]
Prasetyo B.H. dan D.A. Suriadikarta, 2006. Karakteristik, potensi, dan teknologi Pengelolaan tanah ultisol untuk Pengembangan pertanian lahan Kering di indonesia. Balai Besar Penelitian dan Pengembangan Sumberdaya Lahan Pertanian. Bogor.
[17]
Purwono dan R.Hartono, 2011. Bertanam Jagung Unggul. PT. Penebar Swadaya. Jakarta.
[18]
Purwowidodo, 2007. Telaah Kesuburan Tanah. Penerbit Angkasa. Bandung.
[19]
Rao S., 1994. Mikroorganisme dan Pertumbuhan Tanaman. Penerbit Universitas Indonesia. Jakarta.
[20]
Sadaghiani, M.R, Hassana, A, Barin, M., Danesh, Y.R., & Sefidkon, F., 2010. Effects of arbuscular mycorrhizal (AM) fungi on growth, essential oil production and nutriends uptake in basil, Journal of Medicinal Plant Research. Vol.4.No.21: 2222-2228.
[21]
Sieverding, E., 1991, Vesicular-Arbuscular Mychoryza Management in Tropical Agrosystems, Deutshe Gesellicaft Fur Tehnische, Germany.
[22]
Sinwin, R.M., Mulyati dan Lolita, E.S., 2007. Peranan Kascing dan Inokulasi Jamur Mikoriza terhadap Serapan Hara Tanaman Jagung. Jurnal Ilmu Tanah. Faperta. Universitas Lampung.
[23]
Smith. S. E., E.S.Dickon, F.A.Smith and V.P.Gianiazzi, 1993. Nutrient Transport between Fungus and Plant in Vesicular Arbuscular Mycorrhizal. Proceeding of Second Asian Conference on Mycorrhiza. Chiang Mai. Thailand. Biotrop Special Publication No.42 Seameo Biotrop. Bogor.
[24]
Subagyo, 2000. Kriteria Kesesuaian Lahan untuk Komoditas Pertanian. Badan Penelitian dan Pengembangan Penelitian. Pusat Penelitian Tanah. Indonesia.
[25]
Subowo dan Prihatin, T.A, Kentjanasari, 1996. Pemanfaatan Biofertilizer untuk Meningkatkan Produktivitas Lahan Pertanian. Jurnal Litbang Pertanian 15 (1), Medan.
[26]
Suharta, N. dan B.H. Prasetyo, 1986. Karakteristik Tanah-Tanah Berkembang dari Batuan Granit di Kalimantan Barat. Pemberitaan Penelitian Tanah dan Pupuk 6:51-60.
[27]
Talanca, H. A. dan Adnan. M., 2005. Mikoriza dan Manfaatnya Pada Tanaman. Balai Penelitian Tanaman Serealia. Prosiding Seminar Ilmiah dan Penemuan Tahunan PEI dan FKI xvi Komda. Sulawesi Selatan. ISBN: 979-9525-6-7.
[28]
Waryanti, Sudarno, Sutrisno E., 2013. Studi Pengaruh Penambahan Sabut Kelapa pada Pembuatan Pupuk Cair dari Limbah Air Cucian Ikan Terhadap Kualitas Unsur Hara Makro (CNPK). FT UNDIP. Semarang.
Browse journals by subject