Volume 9, Issue 5, October 2020, Page: 135-141
Growth Performance Assessment of Chamaecyparis obtusa Stand in Gyeongnam Province, S. Korea
Moon Hyun Shik, Department of Forest Environmental Resources, Institute of Agriculture and Life Science, Gyeongsang National University, Jinju, South Korea
Kim Tae Woon, Department of Forest Environmental Resources, Institute of Agriculture and Life Science, Gyeongsang National University, Jinju, South Korea
Tamirat Solomon, Department of Forest Environmental Resources, Institute of Agriculture and Life Science, Gyeongsang National University, Jinju, South Korea; Department of Natural Resources Management, College of Agriculture, Wolaita Sodo University, Wolaita Sodo, Ethiopia
Received: Aug. 7, 2020;       Accepted: Aug. 19, 2020;       Published: Sep. 3, 2020
DOI: 10.11648/j.aff.20200905.11      View  47      Downloads  41
Growth causes in trees to change in volume (size) and shape or form. These changes can be positive or negative and it is the result of different factors either biotic or a biotic. A stand or individual trees have characteristic growth patterns and understanding the sources of change or factors that are influencing the growth is crucial for the productivity of forests. In this study the growth performance of Chamaecyparis obtusa (C. obtusa) was studied to assess the growth condition of young stand in the Gyeongnam province since the time of plantation. Historical tree growth was measured using standard forest growth evaluation (height and root collar diameter measurement) techniques to analyze increment from individual trees at seventy two sites in eight cities and counties. The relationship between soil properties, climate, altitude and aspect with tree growth was evaluated. The results of the study showed variation of growth pattern for the same species of similar age categories at different sites and the combined effects of climate, soil properties, altitude, aspect and management are the strongest drivers of changes in the growth. It was recommended to consider the above factors for further expansion of plantation of the species and apply periodic silvicultural treatments to the stands in order to facilitate the growth and wood quality.
Growth, Silviculture, Soil Properties, Climate Change, Forest Productivity
To cite this article
Moon Hyun Shik, Kim Tae Woon, Tamirat Solomon, Growth Performance Assessment of Chamaecyparis obtusa Stand in Gyeongnam Province, S. Korea, Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries. Vol. 9, No. 5, 2020, pp. 135-141. doi: 10.11648/j.aff.20200905.11
Copyright © 2020 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License ( which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Oh, I. H., Cho, I. H., Kim, S. H., Oh, T. J., Lee, Jin, H., Kim, Y. S. and Choi, H. K. (2015). Differentiating Chamaecyparis obtusa and Chamaecyparis pisifera Leaves Using 1 H Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy. Bull. Korean Chemical Society, 36: 1237–124.
Farjon, A. (2013). Chamaecyparis obtusa. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2013: e.T42212A2962056.
Farjon, A. 2010. A Handbook of the World's Conifers (2 vols.). Brill publisher. 2: 586.
Raha, S., Kim, S. M., Lee, H. J., Lee, S. J., Heo, J. D., Saralamma, V. V. G., Ha, S. E., Kim, E. H., Mun, S. P., Kim, G. S. (2018). Essential oil from Korean Chamaecyparis obtusa leaf ameliorates respiratory activity in Sprague Dawley rats and exhibits protection from NF-κB-induced inflammation in WI38 fibroblast cells. Int J. Mol Med. 1: 393-403.
Jiwon, K., Bao, C., Park, H. C., Kim, M., Choi, H. K., Kim, Y. S. (2015). β-Thujaplicin modulates estrogen receptor signaling and inhibits proliferation of human breast cancer cells. Bioscience, biotechnology, and biochemistry. Bioscience, Biotechnology and Biochemistry. 79 (6): 1011-7.
An, B. S., Kang, J. H., Yang, H., Jung, E. M., Kang, H. S., Choi, I. G., Park, M. J. and Jeung, E. B. (2013). Anti-inflammatory effects of essential oils from Chamaecyparis obtus a via the cyclooxygenase-2 pathway in rats. Molecular Medicine Reports 8: 255-259.
Ikei, H., Song, C. and Miyazaki, Y., (2018). Physiological Effects of Touching the Wood of Hinoki Cypress (Chamaecyparis obtusa) with the Soles of the Feet. International Journal of Environment Restoration and Public Health. 15: 2135.
Lee, S. H., Do, H. S., Min, K. J. (2015). Effects of Essential Oil from Hinoki Cypress, Chamaecyparis obtusa, on Physiology and Behavior of Flies. PLoS ONE 10: 12: e0143450.
Yang, J. K., Choi, M. S., Seo, W. T., Rinker, D. L., Han, S. W. and Cheong, G. W. (2007). Chemical composition and antimicrobial activity of Chamaecyparis obtusa leaf essential oil. Fitoterapia, 78: 149–152.
Lee, G. S., Hong, E. J., Gwak, K. S., Park, M. J., Choi, K. C., Choi, I. G., Jang, J. W., Jeung, E. B. (2010). The essential oils of Chamaecyparis obtusa promote hair growth through the induction of vascular endothelial growth factor gene. Fitoterapia 81: 17–24.
Yokoyama, M., Sugiyama, J. and Kawai, S. (2010). Mechanical characteristics of aged Hinoki (Chamaecyparis obtusa Endl.) wood from Japanese historical buildings. Joint interim meeting of five ICOM-CC working groups, Rome Italy.
Katsuki, T., Farjon, A. and Luscombe, D. (2013). Chamaecyparis obtusa var. obtusa. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2013: e. T34740A2854500. 0.en.
Umemura, M. and Takenak, C. (2015). Changes in chemical characteristics of surface soils in Hinoki cypress (Chamaecyparis obtusa) forests induced by the invasion of exotic Moso bamboo (Phyllostachy spubescens) in central Japan. Plant Species Biology. 30: 72–79.
West, P. W. 2009. Tree and Forest Measurement. Second Edition. Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg. E-ISBN: 978-3-540-95966-3. New York.
Lopatin E., Kolsrom T. and Spiecker H. (2006). Determination of forest growth trends in Komi Republic (northwestern Russia): combination of tree ring analysis and remote sensing data. Boreal Environment Research 11: 341-353.
Skovsgaard, J. P. and Vanclay, J. K. (2013). Forest site productivity: a review of spatial and temporal variability in natural site conditions. Forestry 86: 305 –315. In: Spiecker, H. 2002. Tree rings and forest management in Europe. Dendrochronologia 20 (1-2): 191-202.
Tiwari, V. P. 2016. Forest inventory, assessment, and monitoring, and long term forest observational studies, with special reference to India, Forest Science and Technology, 12: 1, 24-32. DOI: 10.1080/21580103.2015.1018962.
Ren, C., Chen, L., Wang, Z., Zhang, B., Xi, Y., and Lu, C. (2019). Spatio–Temporal Changes of Forests in Northeast China: Insights from Landsat Images and Geospatial Analysis. Forests 2019, 10, 937; doi: 10.3390/f10110937.
Dutkowski, GW, & Potts, BM. (1999). Geographic patterns of genetic variation in Eucalyptus globulus ssp globulus and a revised racial classification. Australian Journal of Botany, 47, 237–263.
Kwon Y. R., Ryu, O. K., Kim, I. S. and Lee, Y. K. (2006). Growth performance of Pinus desiflora introduced from six provenances of Japan at Chungju, Korea. J. Korean For. Soc. 95: 250-255.
Erskine P. D., Lamb D., Borschmann G. (2005). Growth performance and management of a mixed rainforest tree plantation. New Forest 29, 117–134.
Hai L. E. and Yahya A. Z. (1996). The Growth Performance of Plantation Grown Aquilaria Malaccensis in Peninsular Malaysia. Journal of Tropical Forest Science 8 (4): 573-575.
Prietzel J (2020) Soil Phosphorus Heterogeneity Improves Growth and P Nutrition of Norway Spruce Seedlings. Front. For. Glob. Change 3: 59. doi: 10.3389/ffgc.2020.00059.
Razaq M., Zhang P., Shen H-l., Salahuddin (2017) Influence of nitrogen and phosphorous on the growth and root morphology of Acer mono. PLoS ONE 12 (2): e0171321. doi: 10.1371/journal. pone.0171321.
Lang, F., Krüger, J., Amelung, W. (2017). Soil phosphorus supply controls P nutrition strategies of beech forest ecosystems in Central Europe. Biogeochemistry 136, 5–29.
Morris L. A. 2004. Soil Biology and Tree Growth/ Soil Organic Matter Forms and Functions. Encyclopedia of Forest Sciences. 1201-1207.
Izuta, T. (1998). Ecophysiological responses of Japanese forest tree species to ozone, simulated acid rain and soil acidification. J. Plant Res. 111, 471–480.
Park, S. G., You, Oh, H. C., Choi, W. K. (2015). Analysis of the Correlation between Site Environmental Factors and Tree Ring Growth in Chamaecyparis obtusa stands in Jeonnam Province. Korean Journal of Environ. Ecol. 29 (5): 777-784.
Miyatani, K., Mizusawa, Y., Okada, K. (2016). Fine root traits in Chamaecyparis obtusa forest soils with different acid buffering capacities. Trees 30, 415–429.
Larum, D. 2018. False Cypress Care: How to Grow a False Cypress Tree. Gardening Know How. (Accessed 11/01/2020).
Toledo, M., Poorter, L., Pen`a-Claros, M., Alarco´n, A., Balca´zar, J., Lean˜o, C., Licona, J. C., Llanque, O, Vroomans, V., Zuidema, P., Bongers, F. (2011). Climate is a stronger driver of tree and forest growth rates than soil and disturbance. Journal of Ecology. 99: 254–264.
Jung, J. B., Kim, H. J., Jung, J. S., Kim J. W. and Park, P. S. (2020). Differences in climate and drought response of the exotic plantation species Abies firma, Cryptomeria japonica, and Chamaecyparis obtusa in southern Korea, Journal of Forest Research, DOI: 10.1080/ 13416979.2020.1784371.
Zeppel M. J., Wilks J. V., and Lewis, D. J. (2014). Impacts of extreme precipitation and seasonal changes in precipitation on plants. Bio geosciences, 11: 3083–3093.
Żywiec, M., Muter, E., Zielonka, T. (2017). Long-term effect of temperature and precipitation on radial growth in a threatened thermo-Mediterranean tree population. Trees 31, 491–501.
Kleine, Arnold; Potzger, Johne E.; and Friesner, Ray C. (1936). The Effect of Precipitation and Temperature on Annual Ring Growth in Four Species of Quercus, Butler University Botanical Studies: 3: Article 15.
Punches, J. (2004). Tree growth, forest management, and their implications for wood quality. A Pacific Northwest publication. 574: 8. Oregon State University.
Gradel, A., Ammer C., Ganbaatar, B., Nadaldorj, O., Dovdondemberel, B., and Wagner, S. (2017). On the Effect of Thinning on Tree Growth and Stand Structure of White Birch (Betula platyphylla Sukaczev) and Siberian Larch (Larix sibirica Ledeb.) in Mongolia. Forests, 8: 105; doi: 10.3390/f8040105.
Browse journals by subject