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The Effect of Host Density and Viability on Superparasitism Behavior of Trichogramma cacoeciae and T. principium Females

Received: 29 November 2017    Accepted: 28 December 2017    Published: 18 January 2018
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Abstract

Non-choice laboratory experiments were conducted to estimate the influence of host density and viability of codling moth eggs on the superparasitism behavior of Trichogramma principium Sug. et Sor and T. cacoeciae Marchal (Hymenoptera: Trichogrammatidae). There was a strong effect of number of emerged offspring of T. principium and T. cacoeciae and host density on the mean number of parasitized eggs. The tendency of T. principium and T. cacoeciae females to oviposit was increased when high number of Cydia pomonella was available. The results presented that the host density influenced in the percentage of superparasitized eggs. The superparasitism appeared to be more noticeable when sterile C. pomonella was offered. Superparasitism behavior was noticed in both parasitoids species, regardless of host density and viability. The study demonstrates the success of T. principium and T. cacoeciae in the existence of high host density and in an integrated program employing the sterile insect technique for C. pomonella management.

DOI 10.11648/j.aff.20180701.13
Published in Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries (Volume 7, Issue 1, February 2018)
Page(s) 11-18
Creative Commons

This is an Open Access article, distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted use, distribution and reproduction in any medium or format, provided the original work is properly cited.

Copyright

Copyright © The Author(s), 2024. Published by Science Publishing Group

Keywords

Trichogramma, Superparasitism, Host Density, Host Viability

References
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  • APA Style

    Muhanad Harba, Imad Idris. (2018). The Effect of Host Density and Viability on Superparasitism Behavior of Trichogramma cacoeciae and T. principium Females. Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries, 7(1), 11-18. https://doi.org/10.11648/j.aff.20180701.13

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    Muhanad Harba; Imad Idris. The Effect of Host Density and Viability on Superparasitism Behavior of Trichogramma cacoeciae and T. principium Females. Agric. For. Fish. 2018, 7(1), 11-18. doi: 10.11648/j.aff.20180701.13

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    AMA Style

    Muhanad Harba, Imad Idris. The Effect of Host Density and Viability on Superparasitism Behavior of Trichogramma cacoeciae and T. principium Females. Agric For Fish. 2018;7(1):11-18. doi: 10.11648/j.aff.20180701.13

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  • @article{10.11648/j.aff.20180701.13,
      author = {Muhanad Harba and Imad Idris},
      title = {The Effect of Host Density and Viability on Superparasitism Behavior of Trichogramma cacoeciae and T. principium Females},
      journal = {Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries},
      volume = {7},
      number = {1},
      pages = {11-18},
      doi = {10.11648/j.aff.20180701.13},
      url = {https://doi.org/10.11648/j.aff.20180701.13},
      eprint = {https://article.sciencepublishinggroup.com/pdf/10.11648.j.aff.20180701.13},
      abstract = {Non-choice laboratory experiments were conducted to estimate the influence of host density and viability of codling moth eggs on the superparasitism behavior of Trichogramma principium Sug. et Sor and T. cacoeciae Marchal (Hymenoptera: Trichogrammatidae). There was a strong effect of number of emerged offspring of T. principium and T. cacoeciae and host density on the mean number of parasitized eggs. The tendency of T. principium and T. cacoeciae females to oviposit was increased when high number of Cydia pomonella was available. The results presented that the host density influenced in the percentage of superparasitized eggs. The superparasitism appeared to be more noticeable when sterile C. pomonella was offered. Superparasitism behavior was noticed in both parasitoids species, regardless of host density and viability. The study demonstrates the success of T. principium and T. cacoeciae in the existence of high host density and in an integrated program employing the sterile insect technique for C. pomonella management.},
     year = {2018}
    }
    

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  • TY  - JOUR
    T1  - The Effect of Host Density and Viability on Superparasitism Behavior of Trichogramma cacoeciae and T. principium Females
    AU  - Muhanad Harba
    AU  - Imad Idris
    Y1  - 2018/01/18
    PY  - 2018
    N1  - https://doi.org/10.11648/j.aff.20180701.13
    DO  - 10.11648/j.aff.20180701.13
    T2  - Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries
    JF  - Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries
    JO  - Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries
    SP  - 11
    EP  - 18
    PB  - Science Publishing Group
    SN  - 2328-5648
    UR  - https://doi.org/10.11648/j.aff.20180701.13
    AB  - Non-choice laboratory experiments were conducted to estimate the influence of host density and viability of codling moth eggs on the superparasitism behavior of Trichogramma principium Sug. et Sor and T. cacoeciae Marchal (Hymenoptera: Trichogrammatidae). There was a strong effect of number of emerged offspring of T. principium and T. cacoeciae and host density on the mean number of parasitized eggs. The tendency of T. principium and T. cacoeciae females to oviposit was increased when high number of Cydia pomonella was available. The results presented that the host density influenced in the percentage of superparasitized eggs. The superparasitism appeared to be more noticeable when sterile C. pomonella was offered. Superparasitism behavior was noticed in both parasitoids species, regardless of host density and viability. The study demonstrates the success of T. principium and T. cacoeciae in the existence of high host density and in an integrated program employing the sterile insect technique for C. pomonella management.
    VL  - 7
    IS  - 1
    ER  - 

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Author Information
  • Department of Molecular Biology and Biotechnology, Atomic Energy Commission of Syria, Damascus, Syria

  • Department of Molecular Biology and Biotechnology, Atomic Energy Commission of Syria, Damascus, Syria

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