Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries

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Evaluation of Ethiopian Wheat Germplasm Against Yellow Rust (Puccinia striiformis) Disease Under Field Condition

Received: 23 December 2020    Accepted: 29 January 2021    Published: 10 March 2021
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Abstract

Wheat rust outbreak especially yellow rust is the major production constraint in Ethiopia. Arsi Zone is the hot spot zone for yellow rust (Puccinia striiformis (Pst)) particularly Meraro and Bekoji sites are frequently yellow rust epidemic was occur due favorable environmental and higher pressure of inoculums in the areas. Therefore, the objective the study was to identify sources of resistance against yellow rust at adult plant stage under hot spot sites. In this study, Three hundred seventy five elite breeding and advanced lines were planted at Meraro, Arsi-Robe and Bekoji. The results show that 34, 10 and 54% of the lines at Meraro were found resistant to moderately resistant, intermediate and moderately susceptible to susceptible. At Arsi-Robe 61, 23.5 and 15.5% of lines were showed that resistant to moderately resistant, intermediate and moderately susceptible to susceptible. Finally, at Bekoji 35.5, 21.3 and 43.2% lines at were resistant to moderately resistant, intermediate and moderately susceptible to susceptible category of yellow rust. Average coefficient of infection (ACI) less than 20% showed at Meraro (34%), Bekoji (35.5%) and Arsi-Robe (61%) was good percent of resistance to the current yellow rust pressure respectively, indicating higher disease pressure at Meraro and Bekoji than that of Arsi-Robe. Among the lines, 43.7% showed a good level of resistance (<30% severity) in all locations. Generally, most of the lines, which showed better resistance at Arsi-Robe, were susceptible at Meraro and Bekoji.

DOI 10.11648/j.aff.20211002.14
Published in Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries (Volume 10, Issue 2, April 2021)
Page(s) 61-65
Creative Commons

This is an Open Access article, distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted use, distribution and reproduction in any medium or format, provided the original work is properly cited.

Copyright

Copyright © The Author(s), 2024. Published by Science Publishing Group

Keywords

Wheat, Puccinia striiformis, Yellow Rust, Hot Spots

References
[1] Abebe T, Woldeab G, Dawit W (2012). Analysis of pathogen virulence of wheat yellow rust and cultivar reaction to virulent races in Tigray, Ethiopia. Afr. J. Plan. Sci. 6: 244-50.
[2] Admassu, B., Friedt, W., Ordon, F., 2012. Yellow rust seedling resistance genes in Ethiopian wheat cultivars and breeding lines. African Crop Science Journal 20, 149-162.
[3] Afzal S, Haque M, Ahmedani M, Bashir S, Rattu A (2007). Assessment of yield losses caused by puccinia striformis triggering stripe rust in the most common wheat varieties. Pak. J. Bot. 39: 2127-2134.
[4] Ayele Badebo and Wondimu Bayu. 1992. The importance of stripe rust in the major wheat producing regions of Ethiopia during 1988-1990. In: Tanner DG., and W. Mwangi (eds.). Proceedings of the seventh regional wheat workshop for Eastern, Central and Southern Africa. Nakuru, Kenya: CIMMYT. 196-202. pp.
[5] Chen XM (2005). Epidemiology and control of stripe rust (puccinia striiformis f.Sp. Tritici) on wheat. Can. J. Plant Pathol. 27: 314-337.
[6] CSA (2017). Report on area and production of major crops (For private peasant holding, Meher Season Volume 1). Addis Ababa, Ethiopia: Central Statistical Agency.
[7] Dereje Hailu. 2003. Effects of yellow rust (Puccinia striiformis) on yield, yield components and quality of improved bread wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) varieties. MSc. Thesis. Alemaya University, Alemaya, Ethiopia. 105 p.
[8] Eshetu Bekele, 1985. Review of research on diseases of barley, tef and wheat in Ethiopia. Pp. 79-108. In: Tsedeke Abate (ed). A review of crop protection research in Ethiopia. Proceedings of the first crop protection symposium. IAR, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.
[9] Hawkesford MJ, Araus J, Park R, Derini DC, Miralles D, Shen T, Zhang J, Parry MAJ (2013). Prospects of doubling global wheat yields. Food and En. Sec. 2: 34-48.
[10] Haile JK, Hammer K, Badebo A, Singh RP, Roder MS (2012). Haplotype analysis of molecular markers linked to yellow rust resistance genes in Ethiopian improved durum wheat varieties and tetraploid wheat landraces. Genet. Resour. Crop Evol. 60: 853-864.
[11] Khanna R, Bansal U, Saini R (2005). Genetics of adult plant stripe rust resistance in csp44, a selection from australian wheat. J Genet. 84: 337-340.
[12] Mozgovoy AF (1987) Stripe rust of wheat: Problems, situation in Ethiopia and practical recommendations W heat Rust Disease Workshop, Ambo, Ethiopia. pp. 39-77.
[13] Peterson RF, Campbell AB, Hannah AE (1948) A diagrammatic scale for estimating rust intensity on leaves and stems of cereals. Can J Res 26: 496-500.
[14] Stubbs RW, Prescott JM, Sarrri EE, Dubin HJ (1986). Cereal Disease Methodology Manual. CIMMYT, El Batan, Mexico.
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  • APA Style

    Daniel Kasa, Tamirat Negash. (2021). Evaluation of Ethiopian Wheat Germplasm Against Yellow Rust (Puccinia striiformis) Disease Under Field Condition. Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries, 10(2), 61-65. https://doi.org/10.11648/j.aff.20211002.14

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    ACS Style

    Daniel Kasa; Tamirat Negash. Evaluation of Ethiopian Wheat Germplasm Against Yellow Rust (Puccinia striiformis) Disease Under Field Condition. Agric. For. Fish. 2021, 10(2), 61-65. doi: 10.11648/j.aff.20211002.14

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    AMA Style

    Daniel Kasa, Tamirat Negash. Evaluation of Ethiopian Wheat Germplasm Against Yellow Rust (Puccinia striiformis) Disease Under Field Condition. Agric For Fish. 2021;10(2):61-65. doi: 10.11648/j.aff.20211002.14

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  • @article{10.11648/j.aff.20211002.14,
      author = {Daniel Kasa and Tamirat Negash},
      title = {Evaluation of Ethiopian Wheat Germplasm Against Yellow Rust (Puccinia striiformis) Disease Under Field Condition},
      journal = {Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries},
      volume = {10},
      number = {2},
      pages = {61-65},
      doi = {10.11648/j.aff.20211002.14},
      url = {https://doi.org/10.11648/j.aff.20211002.14},
      eprint = {https://article.sciencepublishinggroup.com/pdf/10.11648.j.aff.20211002.14},
      abstract = {Wheat rust outbreak especially yellow rust is the major production constraint in Ethiopia. Arsi Zone is the hot spot zone for yellow rust (Puccinia striiformis (Pst)) particularly Meraro and Bekoji sites are frequently yellow rust epidemic was occur due favorable environmental and higher pressure of inoculums in the areas. Therefore, the objective the study was to identify sources of resistance against yellow rust at adult plant stage under hot spot sites. In this study, Three hundred seventy five elite breeding and advanced lines were planted at Meraro, Arsi-Robe and Bekoji. The results show that 34, 10 and 54% of the lines at Meraro were found resistant to moderately resistant, intermediate and moderately susceptible to susceptible. At Arsi-Robe 61, 23.5 and 15.5% of lines were showed that resistant to moderately resistant, intermediate and moderately susceptible to susceptible. Finally, at Bekoji 35.5, 21.3 and 43.2% lines at were resistant to moderately resistant, intermediate and moderately susceptible to susceptible category of yellow rust. Average coefficient of infection (ACI) less than 20% showed at Meraro (34%), Bekoji (35.5%) and Arsi-Robe (61%) was good percent of resistance to the current yellow rust pressure respectively, indicating higher disease pressure at Meraro and Bekoji than that of Arsi-Robe. Among the lines, 43.7% showed a good level of resistance (<30% severity) in all locations. Generally, most of the lines, which showed better resistance at Arsi-Robe, were susceptible at Meraro and Bekoji.},
     year = {2021}
    }
    

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  • TY  - JOUR
    T1  - Evaluation of Ethiopian Wheat Germplasm Against Yellow Rust (Puccinia striiformis) Disease Under Field Condition
    AU  - Daniel Kasa
    AU  - Tamirat Negash
    Y1  - 2021/03/10
    PY  - 2021
    N1  - https://doi.org/10.11648/j.aff.20211002.14
    DO  - 10.11648/j.aff.20211002.14
    T2  - Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries
    JF  - Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries
    JO  - Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries
    SP  - 61
    EP  - 65
    PB  - Science Publishing Group
    SN  - 2328-5648
    UR  - https://doi.org/10.11648/j.aff.20211002.14
    AB  - Wheat rust outbreak especially yellow rust is the major production constraint in Ethiopia. Arsi Zone is the hot spot zone for yellow rust (Puccinia striiformis (Pst)) particularly Meraro and Bekoji sites are frequently yellow rust epidemic was occur due favorable environmental and higher pressure of inoculums in the areas. Therefore, the objective the study was to identify sources of resistance against yellow rust at adult plant stage under hot spot sites. In this study, Three hundred seventy five elite breeding and advanced lines were planted at Meraro, Arsi-Robe and Bekoji. The results show that 34, 10 and 54% of the lines at Meraro were found resistant to moderately resistant, intermediate and moderately susceptible to susceptible. At Arsi-Robe 61, 23.5 and 15.5% of lines were showed that resistant to moderately resistant, intermediate and moderately susceptible to susceptible. Finally, at Bekoji 35.5, 21.3 and 43.2% lines at were resistant to moderately resistant, intermediate and moderately susceptible to susceptible category of yellow rust. Average coefficient of infection (ACI) less than 20% showed at Meraro (34%), Bekoji (35.5%) and Arsi-Robe (61%) was good percent of resistance to the current yellow rust pressure respectively, indicating higher disease pressure at Meraro and Bekoji than that of Arsi-Robe. Among the lines, 43.7% showed a good level of resistance (<30% severity) in all locations. Generally, most of the lines, which showed better resistance at Arsi-Robe, were susceptible at Meraro and Bekoji.
    VL  - 10
    IS  - 2
    ER  - 

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Author Information
  • Ethiopian Institute of Agricultural Research (EIAR), Kulumsa Agricultural Research Center, Asela, Ethiopia

  • Ethiopian Institute of Agricultural Research (EIAR), Kulumsa Agricultural Research Center, Asela, Ethiopia

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