Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries

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Evaluation on Growth Performance of Moringa Stenopetala Provenance at Daro Lebu and Hawi Gudina Districts, West Hararghe Zone, Oromia, East Ethiopia

Received: 27 November 2023    Accepted: 28 December 2023    Published: 11 January 2024
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Abstract

Six Moringa stenopetala provenances (Abay Filklik, Arbaminch, Gofa, Wolayita, Konso and Babile) were examined for survival and growth parameters at Daro Lebu and Hawi Gudina districts since 2019. This study was undertaken with randomized complete block design with four replications. At age of three year; survival rate, tree height, diameter at breast height (DBH), root collar diameter, canopy diameter (CD) and fresh leaf biomass were assessed. The result indicated that at Daro Lebu, there were significance (P < 0.05) among provenances; in their survival rate, height, root collar diameter, and fresh leaf biomass, but DBH and canopy diameter did not show statistical difference. Survival rate showed significant difference between provenances at Daro Lebu; while at Hawi Gudina site there was no significant difference. Survival rate at Daro Lebu ranged from 50% for M.Gofa and M.wolayita while, M.babile was 83.33%. At Hawi Gudina site survival rate was 91.67% for M.abay Filiklik and 100% for M.konso, M.arbaminch and M.wolayita. All provenances in both sites except M.gofa, M.gofa and M.konso at Daro Lebu had survival rate above 66%. At Daro Lebu, M.abay Filiklik demonstrated superior mean height (2.53 m) followed by M.babile (2.09 m) and M.wolayita (1.2 m) is the shortest provenance. At Hawi Gudina site, M.arbami demonstrated superior mean height (2.32m) followed by M.konso (2.3 m) and M. babile (1.57 m) were the shortest provenance. M.gofa demonstrated superior RCD (99.17 mm) followed by M.babile (98 mm), while M.wolayita (61.09 mm) shown the lowest performance at Daro Lebu. While, at Hawi Gudina site site, M.arbaminch demonstrated superior RCD (138.67mm) followed by M.konso (135.42 mm); while M.babile (107.09 mm) shown the lowest performance. At Daro Lebu, M.babile demonstrated superior fresh leaf biomass (1.61 kg) followed by M.gofa (1.59), while M.wolayita (0.48 kg) shown the lowest performance. At Hawi Gudina site, M.gofa demonstrated superior fresh leaf biomass (3.11 kg) followed by Wolayita (2.91 kg), while M.babile (1.34 kg) shown the lowest performance. Owing to superior growth performances attained, M.babile, M.gofa and M.konso be recommended for Daro Lebu and similar agro-ecology, while M.arbaminch, M.gofa and M.konso for Hawi Gudina and similar agro-ecology.

DOI 10.11648/j.aff.20241301.11
Published in Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries (Volume 13, Issue 1, February 2024)
Page(s) 1-7
Creative Commons

This is an Open Access article, distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted use, distribution and reproduction in any medium or format, provided the original work is properly cited.

Copyright

Copyright © The Author(s), 2024. Published by Science Publishing Group

Keywords

Daro Lebu, Fresh Leaf Biomass, Growth Performance, Hawi Gudina, Moringa Provenance, Survival Rate

References
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[2] Bezabeh, K., 1993. Other medicinal uses of Moringastenopetala. Agrofor. Today, 5: 18-18. CWS. 2000. Moringa: The Miracle Tree. CSA, Dakar, Senegal.
[3] Demeulenaere, E. 2001. Moringastenopetala, a subsistence resource in the Konso district. Proceedings of the International Workshop Development Potential for Moringa Products, October 29-November 2, 2001, Dar-Es-Salaam, Tanzania, pp: 2-29.
[4] Edwards, S., M. Tadesse, S. Demissew and I. Hedberg. 2000. Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea, Volume 2, Part 1: Magnoliaceae to Flacourtiaceae. Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia, Uppsal, Sweden, pp: 660.
[5] Endeshaw, H. G. 2003. Promoting the Miracle Tree of Hope. Ethiopian Herald. Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia.
[6] Ezekiel, E., Shabani, A. O. C., Yonika, M. N., & Mathew, A. M. (2014). Survival, growth and biomass production of Moringa oleifera provenances at Gairo inland plateau and Ruvu Coastal Region in Tanzania. African Journal of Plant Science, 8(1), 54–64. https://doi.org/10.5897/ajps12.158
[7] Fuglie, L. J. 2003. The Moringa tree a local solution to malnutrition. Dakar, Senegal.
[8] K. Yisehak, M. Solomon and M. Tadelle. 2011. Contribution of Moringa (Moringastenopetala, Bac.), a Highly Nutritious Vegetable Tree, for Food Security in South Ethiopia: A Review. Asian Journal of Applied Sciences, 4: 477-488.
[9] Malesse, A., Tiruneh, W., Negesse, T. (2011). Effects of feeding Moringa stenopetala leaf meal on nutrient intake and growth performance of Rhode island red chicks under Tropical climate. Tropical and Subtropical Agroecosystems 14: 485- 492.
[10] Mark, E. O. 1998. Research on applied uses of Moringastenopetala. FAO Technical Bulletin No. 4. http://www.berfingen.info/akababi/simon.htm.
[11] Price, M. L., 1985. Fruits and others: Articles the moringa tree. Tropical seeds.
[12] Rajangam, J., R. S. A. Manavalan, T. Thangaraj, A. Vijayakumar and N. Muthukrishan, 2001. Status of production and utilisation of Moringa in southern India. Development Potential for Moringa Products, October 29-November 2, Dar Es Salaam, Tanzania. http://www.moringanews.org/actes/rajangam_en.doc.
[13] Tenaye, A., E. Geta and E. Hebana, 2009. A multipurpose cabbage tree (Moringastenopetala): Production, utilization and marketing in SNNPR, Ethiopia. ActaHorticulturae, 806: 115-120.
[14] Tropical Plants Database, Ken Fern. Tropical.theferns.info.2018-12-18. tropical. theferns.info/viewtropical.php?id=Moringa+stenopetala>
[15] Wasihun Gizaw (2021 un Published). Historical Rainfall Amount and Temperature Variability and Trend in West Harerhge Zone, East Ethiopia
[16] Yisehak, K., D. Belay and G. Janssens, 2010. Indigenous fodder trees and shrubs: Nutritional and ecological aspects. 14th European Society of Veterinary and Comparative Nutritrition. ESVCN, Zurich, Swizerlands.
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    Dekeba, S., Diriba, A., Gizaw, W., Mezgebu, M. (2024). Evaluation on Growth Performance of Moringa Stenopetala Provenance at Daro Lebu and Hawi Gudina Districts, West Hararghe Zone, Oromia, East Ethiopia. Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries, 13(1), 1-7. https://doi.org/10.11648/j.aff.20241301.11

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    ACS Style

    Dekeba, S.; Diriba, A.; Gizaw, W.; Mezgebu, M. Evaluation on Growth Performance of Moringa Stenopetala Provenance at Daro Lebu and Hawi Gudina Districts, West Hararghe Zone, Oromia, East Ethiopia. Agric. For. Fish. 2024, 13(1), 1-7. doi: 10.11648/j.aff.20241301.11

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    AMA Style

    Dekeba S, Diriba A, Gizaw W, Mezgebu M. Evaluation on Growth Performance of Moringa Stenopetala Provenance at Daro Lebu and Hawi Gudina Districts, West Hararghe Zone, Oromia, East Ethiopia. Agric For Fish. 2024;13(1):1-7. doi: 10.11648/j.aff.20241301.11

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  • @article{10.11648/j.aff.20241301.11,
      author = {Shimelis Dekeba and Alemayehu Diriba and Wasihun Gizaw and Mosisa Mezgebu},
      title = {Evaluation on Growth Performance of Moringa Stenopetala Provenance at Daro Lebu and Hawi Gudina Districts, West Hararghe Zone, Oromia, East Ethiopia},
      journal = {Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries},
      volume = {13},
      number = {1},
      pages = {1-7},
      doi = {10.11648/j.aff.20241301.11},
      url = {https://doi.org/10.11648/j.aff.20241301.11},
      eprint = {https://article.sciencepublishinggroup.com/pdf/10.11648.j.aff.20241301.11},
      abstract = {Six Moringa stenopetala provenances (Abay Filklik, Arbaminch, Gofa, Wolayita, Konso and Babile) were examined for survival and growth parameters at Daro Lebu and Hawi Gudina districts since 2019. This study was undertaken with randomized complete block design with four replications. At age of three year; survival rate, tree height, diameter at breast height (DBH), root collar diameter, canopy diameter (CD) and fresh leaf biomass were assessed. The result indicated that at Daro Lebu, there were significance (P < 0.05) among provenances; in their survival rate, height, root collar diameter, and fresh leaf biomass, but DBH and canopy diameter did not show statistical difference. Survival rate showed significant difference between provenances at Daro Lebu; while at Hawi Gudina site there was no significant difference. Survival rate at Daro Lebu ranged from 50% for M.Gofa and M.wolayita while, M.babile was 83.33%. At Hawi Gudina site survival rate was 91.67% for M.abay Filiklik and 100% for M.konso, M.arbaminch and M.wolayita. All provenances in both sites except M.gofa, M.gofa and M.konso at Daro Lebu had survival rate above 66%. At Daro Lebu, M.abay Filiklik demonstrated superior mean height (2.53 m) followed by M.babile (2.09 m) and M.wolayita (1.2 m) is the shortest provenance. At Hawi Gudina site, M.arbami demonstrated superior mean height (2.32m) followed by M.konso (2.3 m) and M. babile (1.57 m) were the shortest provenance. M.gofa demonstrated superior RCD (99.17 mm) followed by M.babile (98 mm), while M.wolayita (61.09 mm) shown the lowest performance at Daro Lebu. While, at Hawi Gudina site site, M.arbaminch demonstrated superior RCD (138.67mm) followed by M.konso (135.42 mm); while M.babile (107.09 mm) shown the lowest performance. At Daro Lebu, M.babile demonstrated superior fresh leaf biomass (1.61 kg) followed by M.gofa (1.59), while M.wolayita (0.48 kg) shown the lowest performance. At Hawi Gudina site, M.gofa demonstrated superior fresh leaf biomass (3.11 kg) followed by Wolayita (2.91 kg), while M.babile (1.34 kg) shown the lowest performance. Owing to superior growth performances attained, M.babile, M.gofa and M.konso be recommended for Daro Lebu and similar agro-ecology, while M.arbaminch, M.gofa and M.konso for Hawi Gudina and similar agro-ecology.
    },
     year = {2024}
    }
    

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  • TY  - JOUR
    T1  - Evaluation on Growth Performance of Moringa Stenopetala Provenance at Daro Lebu and Hawi Gudina Districts, West Hararghe Zone, Oromia, East Ethiopia
    AU  - Shimelis Dekeba
    AU  - Alemayehu Diriba
    AU  - Wasihun Gizaw
    AU  - Mosisa Mezgebu
    Y1  - 2024/01/11
    PY  - 2024
    N1  - https://doi.org/10.11648/j.aff.20241301.11
    DO  - 10.11648/j.aff.20241301.11
    T2  - Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries
    JF  - Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries
    JO  - Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries
    SP  - 1
    EP  - 7
    PB  - Science Publishing Group
    SN  - 2328-5648
    UR  - https://doi.org/10.11648/j.aff.20241301.11
    AB  - Six Moringa stenopetala provenances (Abay Filklik, Arbaminch, Gofa, Wolayita, Konso and Babile) were examined for survival and growth parameters at Daro Lebu and Hawi Gudina districts since 2019. This study was undertaken with randomized complete block design with four replications. At age of three year; survival rate, tree height, diameter at breast height (DBH), root collar diameter, canopy diameter (CD) and fresh leaf biomass were assessed. The result indicated that at Daro Lebu, there were significance (P < 0.05) among provenances; in their survival rate, height, root collar diameter, and fresh leaf biomass, but DBH and canopy diameter did not show statistical difference. Survival rate showed significant difference between provenances at Daro Lebu; while at Hawi Gudina site there was no significant difference. Survival rate at Daro Lebu ranged from 50% for M.Gofa and M.wolayita while, M.babile was 83.33%. At Hawi Gudina site survival rate was 91.67% for M.abay Filiklik and 100% for M.konso, M.arbaminch and M.wolayita. All provenances in both sites except M.gofa, M.gofa and M.konso at Daro Lebu had survival rate above 66%. At Daro Lebu, M.abay Filiklik demonstrated superior mean height (2.53 m) followed by M.babile (2.09 m) and M.wolayita (1.2 m) is the shortest provenance. At Hawi Gudina site, M.arbami demonstrated superior mean height (2.32m) followed by M.konso (2.3 m) and M. babile (1.57 m) were the shortest provenance. M.gofa demonstrated superior RCD (99.17 mm) followed by M.babile (98 mm), while M.wolayita (61.09 mm) shown the lowest performance at Daro Lebu. While, at Hawi Gudina site site, M.arbaminch demonstrated superior RCD (138.67mm) followed by M.konso (135.42 mm); while M.babile (107.09 mm) shown the lowest performance. At Daro Lebu, M.babile demonstrated superior fresh leaf biomass (1.61 kg) followed by M.gofa (1.59), while M.wolayita (0.48 kg) shown the lowest performance. At Hawi Gudina site, M.gofa demonstrated superior fresh leaf biomass (3.11 kg) followed by Wolayita (2.91 kg), while M.babile (1.34 kg) shown the lowest performance. Owing to superior growth performances attained, M.babile, M.gofa and M.konso be recommended for Daro Lebu and similar agro-ecology, while M.arbaminch, M.gofa and M.konso for Hawi Gudina and similar agro-ecology.
    
    VL  - 13
    IS  - 1
    ER  - 

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Author Information
  • Mechara Agricultural Research Center, Mechara, Oromia, Ethiopia

  • Mechara Agricultural Research Center, Mechara, Oromia, Ethiopia

  • Mechara Agricultural Research Center, Mechara, Oromia, Ethiopia

  • Mechara Agricultural Research Center, Mechara, Oromia, Ethiopia

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