Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries

Volume 5, Issue 5, October 2016

  • Impacts of Industry Towards the Structure of Customary Land Tenure on the Natural Sago Forest in Imekko, Sorong Selatan Regency-West Papua

    Mecky Sagrim

    Issue: Volume 5, Issue 5, October 2016
    Pages: 135-140
    Received: Jul. 15, 2016
    Accepted: Jul. 25, 2016
    Published: Aug. 12, 2016
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    Abstract: The goal of the research is to assess structural dynamics of customary land tenure in Imeko communities as a result of emergence regarding the operations of PT ANJ-AgriPapua and PerumPerhutani in Sorong Selatan Regency. The objectives are as follows: (1) to identify and map the structure of customatyland tenure rightsover the Natural Sago Forest (N... Show More
  • Effects of Different Soil Amendments on Soil pH and Heavy Metals Content in Maize (Zea Mays [l.])

    Mamba Mangaliso Mandisi, Shongwe Gideon Ngaka, Edje Todo Oghenetsavbuko

    Issue: Volume 5, Issue 5, October 2016
    Pages: 141-150
    Received: Jul. 14, 2016
    Accepted: Jul. 25, 2016
    Published: Aug. 15, 2016
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    Abstract: Manure from livestock is an important source of nutrient for crop production in the small holder sector. It helps farmers reduce inputs of commercial fertiliser, thereby, increasing the profit margin of the farmer. Not much been done to determine the effects of kraal, goat, poultry and lime on soil pH in Swaziland and nothing has been done to asses... Show More
  • Blended Fertilizers Effects on Maize Yield and Yield Components of Western Oromia, Ethiopia

    Dagne Chimdessa

    Issue: Volume 5, Issue 5, October 2016
    Pages: 151-162
    Received: Jul. 17, 2016
    Accepted: Jul. 28, 2016
    Published: Aug. 21, 2016
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    Abstract: Appropriate fertilization practices based on actual limiting nutrients and crop requirement for a given crop is economic and judicious use of fertilizers for sustainable crop production. In view of this, a study was conducted at Kejo and Ongobo farmers’ fields, located at GobuSeyo District of East Wollega Zone of Oromia region in 2011 to evaluate t... Show More
  • Effect of Long-Term Continuous Cotton Mono-Cropping on Depletion of Soil NPK and Changes in Some Selected Soil Chemical Characters on Vertisols and Fluvisols

    Melese Menaleshoa, Ashenafi Worku, Wondimagegne Chekol, Girma Tadesse

    Issue: Volume 5, Issue 5, October 2016
    Pages: 163-169
    Received: Jun. 05, 2016
    Accepted: Jun. 15, 2016
    Published: Sep. 06, 2016
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    Abstract: A long-term cotton exhaustion trial was conducted on lowland Vertisols and Fluvisols at Werer Agricultural Research Center during the 1968–2002 in Ethiopia to investigate nutrient depletion rate and changes in selected soil chemical properties. Treatments used include cultivated fallow, control, 80kgN ha-1, 80-80 kgNP ha-1, 80-80kgNKha-1 and 80-80-... Show More
  • Cocoa Farming System in Indonesia and Its Sustainability Under Climate Change

    Julian Witjaksono, Asmin

    Issue: Volume 5, Issue 5, October 2016
    Pages: 170-180
    Received: Jul. 12, 2016
    Accepted: Jul. 28, 2016
    Published: Sep. 07, 2016
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    Abstract: The Indonesian cocoa sector has experienced tremendous growth in the past twenty five years with massive growth, driven by rapid expansion of smallholder farmer participation. Cocoa production provides the main source of income of millions smallholder farmers and their families in Indonesia. Smallholders contribute more than ninety percent of natio... Show More
  • Efficacy of BotaniGard (Beauveria bassiana) Against Whiteflies on Poinsettia and Dahlia

    Gashawbeza Ayalew

    Issue: Volume 5, Issue 5, October 2016
    Pages: 181-185
    Received: Aug. 06, 2016
    Accepted: Aug. 17, 2016
    Published: Sep. 10, 2016
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    Abstract: Efficacy of the entomopathogen fungus, Beauveria bassiana (BotaniGard) was compared with conventional insecticides against whiteflies on Poinsettia (Euphorbia pulcherrima) and Dahlia (Dahlia coccinea) in Maranque plant located at Doni in Eastern Shoa zone of Ethiopia between December 2010 and March 2011. The experimental site measuring 1250 m² was ... Show More
  • A Study of the Genetic Variability of West Indian Arrowroot (Maranta arundinacea L.) in Kerala State of India

    P. V. Shintu, V. V. Radhakrishnan, K. V. Mohanan

    Issue: Volume 5, Issue 5, October 2016
    Pages: 186-190
    Received: Aug. 10, 2016
    Accepted: Aug. 19, 2016
    Published: Sep. 10, 2016
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    Abstract: West Indian arrowroot (Maranta arundinacea L.) is a major component of family farming in Kerala state of India. The starch obtained from its rhizomes is used both for food and nutraceutical purposes. A study was carried out to assess the genetic variability of West Indian arrowroot in the region in relation to morphological growth and yield charact... Show More
  • Farmers’ Goals and Efficiency in Small-Scale Maize Production: The Case of Eastern Cape Province of South Africa

    Douglas Kibirige, Ajuruchukwu Obi, Micah Bheki. Masuku, Ajay Shankar Singh

    Issue: Volume 5, Issue 5, October 2016
    Pages: 191-201
    Received: Aug. 11, 2016
    Accepted: Aug. 22, 2016
    Published: Sep. 10, 2016
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    Abstract: Farmers’ goals in complementarity with natural, physical and financial assets are crucial for efficient production and productivity especially for rural development and economic growth. Goals can be defined as aspirations for which a person has decided to undertake for improved well-being. This article examined correlates of farmers’ production eff... Show More
  • Bacteriological Quality of Tilapia Fish from Treated Wastewater in Peri-Urban Areas, Morogoro, Tanzania

    Ofred Jonas Mhongole, Robinson Hammerthon Mdegela, Lughano Jeromey Moses Kusiluka, Anders Dalsgaard

    Issue: Volume 5, Issue 5, October 2016
    Pages: 202-206
    Received: Aug. 16, 2016
    Accepted: Sep. 05, 2016
    Published: Oct. 06, 2016
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    Abstract: The aim of this study was to assess faecal bacterial contamination in tilapia fish from wastewater treatment ponds at Mzumbe and in pristine water in Mindu dam. Tilapia fish (fish flesh and fish intestines) and water samples were analysed for Escherichia coli and total plate count. The concentration of E. coli in fish intestines ranged from about 1... Show More